Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the study, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of many diseases that affect the teeth’s supporting structures, like the gums. A dentist can become a periodontist after pursuing an additional two to three years of training to specialize in techniques to prevent and treat periodontal disease and its consequences. After their specialized studies, periodontists can employ specialized periodontal treatment techniques such as scaling and root planning, gum grafting, plastic surgery, laser treatment, crown lengthening surgery, and dental implants.
Periodontal disease is a very serious issue that affects two out every five Americans over the age of 30. This disease mainly affects the gums, but it can spread to the bone and even lead to loss of teeth. If you experience any of the following signs, you may be suffering from periodontal disease: bad breath, bad taste in the mouth, swollen or deep red gums, bleeding gums, pain while chewing, loose teeth, teeth sensitivity, receding gums, changes in your bite, and changes to the way your partial denture fits.